We perform density functional theory calculations for the determination of the structural and electronic properties of epitaxial graphene on 4H–SiC(0001¯). Using commensurate supercells that minimize nonphysical stresses we show that in contrast with Si-face epitaxial films, the first graphene layer that forms on the C-face of SiC is purely metallic with its π-bands partially preserved. Typical free-standing characteristics are fully recovered with a second graphene layer. We moreover discuss on the magnetic properties of the interface and the absence of Fermi-level pinning effects that could allow for a plausible device operation starting from the off-state.
American Institute of Physics
10 Jan 2011
Volume: 98 Issue: 2 Pages: 023113
Applied Physics Letters