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Nano-sized TiO2 films have been grown by DC-Reactive Sputtering at ∼150 °C on [0 0 0 1] ZnO:Al substrates to be applied in Dye Sensitized Solar Cells. The effects of post-deposition thermal treatment at 500 °C on the optical and structural (density, grain size) properties of the TiO2/ZnO:Al bi-layers have been investigated in details. The effects of such modifications on the surface properties, have been evaluated by dye-sensitization with 5,10,15,20 Tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP). Different interactions of the probe-molecules with the as grown and annealed TiO2 surfaces have been observed. In particular, Quantum yield (QY) analysis of TCPP-sensitized films showed that the emitted/absorbed photons ratio in the as grown layers is a factor of ∼3 lower than in the annealed layers. Based on simplified test solar cells, the electron injection is thought to be the most appropriate mechanism to explain the …
Publication date: 
30 Mar 2014

Giovanna Pellegrino, Guglielmo Guido Condorelli, Francesca De Rossi, Thomas M Brown, Francesco Giovenale, Corrado Bongiorno, Alessandra Alberti

Biblio References: 
Volume: 296 Pages: 69-78
Applied surface science