-A A +A
We have followed a ‘molecular’ approach to study impurity effects in graphene. This is thought as the limiting case of an infinitely large cluster of benzene rings. Therefore, we study several carbon clusters, with increasing size, from phenalene, including three benzene rings, up to coronene 61, with 61 benzene rings. The impurities considered were a chemisorbed H atom, a vacancy, and a substitutional proton. We performed HF and UHF calculations using the STO-3G basis set. With increasing cluster size in the absence of impurities, we find a decreasing energy gap, here defined as the HOMO–LUMO difference. In the case of H chemisorption or a vacancy, the gap does not decrease appreciably, whereas it is substantially reduced in the case of a substitutional proton. The presence of an impurity invariably induces an increase of the density of states near the HOMO level. We find a zero mode only in the case of a …
Publication date: 
29 Sep 2008

G Forte, A Grassi, GM Lombardo, A La Magna, GGN Angilella, R Pucci, R Vilardi

Biblio References: 
Volume: 372 Issue: 40 Pages: 6168-6174
Physics Letters A