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The carbon vacancy (VC) is a major point defect in high-purity 4H-SiC epitaxial layers limiting the minority charge carrier lifetime. In layers grown by chemical vapor deposition techniques, the VC concentration is typically in the range of 1012 cm−3, and after device processing at temperatures approaching 2000 °C, it can be enhanced by several orders of magnitude. In the present study, both as-grown layers and a high-temperature processed one have been annealed at 1500 °C and the VC concentration is demonstrated to be strongly reduced, exhibiting a value of only a few times 1011 cm−3 as determined by deep-level transient spectroscopy measurements. The value is reached already after annealing times on the order of 1 h and is evidenced to reflect thermodynamic equilibrium under C-rich ambient conditions. The physical processes controlling the kinetics for establishment of the VC equilibrium are …
AIP Publishing LLC
Publication date: 
21 Dec 2015

HM Ayedh, R Nipoti, Anders Hallén, BG Svensson

Biblio References: 
Volume: 107 Issue: 25 Pages: 252102
Applied Physics Letters