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A 2× 10 16 Mn+/cm 2 100 keV ion implantation at liquid-nitrogen temperature onto Ge (100) surfaces produces a perfect Mn dilution into a completely amorphized Ge layer (155 nm thickness and 4% average Mn concentration) as directly demonstrated by Mn K-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy. Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) investigations demonstrate that this diluted magnetic semiconductor system exhibits ferromagnetism up to room temperature. The magnetic response is explained within the model of percolation of bound polarons. Once the Mn fluence is doubled during the implantation, SQUID measurements clearly point to formation of Mn-Mn dimers and phase separation of Mn into Mn-rich amorphous clusters. First-principles calculations on Mn-doped amorphous Ge give a rationale to the experiments at the lowest fluence showing that disorder in the amorphous phase with the …
American Physical Society
Publication date: 
20 Apr 2011

L Ottaviano, A Continenza, G Profeta, G Impellizzeri, A Irrera, R Gunnella, O Kazakova

Biblio References: 
Volume: 83 Issue: 13 Pages: 134426
Physical Review B