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Peculiar transport phenomena appear at nanoscale, since surface effects strongly affect the behaviour of fluids. Electrostatic and steric interactions, capillary forces and entropic effects play a key role in the behaviour of fluids and biomolecules. Since these effects strongly depend on the size of the nanofluidic system, a careful characterization of the fluidic environment is necessary. Moreover, the possibility to dynamically modulate the size of nanochannels is very appealing in the field of biomolecule manipulation. Recently, we have developed a lab-on-chip made of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS). This polymeric device is based on a tuneable nanochannel able to dynamically change its dimension in order to fit the application of interest. In fact, a mechanical compression applied on the top of the elastomeric device squeezes the nanochannel, reducing the channel cross section and allowing a dynamical …
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2013

Chiara Manneschi, Paola Fanzio, Elena Angeli, Giuseppe Firpo, Luca Ceseracciu, Valentina Mussi, Luca Repetto, Ugo Valbusa

Biblio References: 
Volume: 14 Issue: 1-2 Pages: 21-30
Microfluidics and nanofluidics