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WO3 precursor solutions were prepared by methanolysis of WCl6 in presence of acetylacetone as a stabilizer. Chromium addition was achieved by mixing Cr 2-ethylhexanoate with the pure solutions, with Cr: W atomic concentrations ranging from 2% to 22%. Powders were prepared by drying the solutions and heat-treating the product up to 700 °C. After heat-treating at 400 °C, crystalline WO3 was obtained, and X-ray diffraction and Transmission Electron Microscopy showed that the powders were constituted by a mixture of the WO3 monoclinic and triclinic crystallographic phases. The Cr-modified samples, with a Cr concentration of at least 5%, presented the additional phase Cr2WO6. Structural investigations suggested that this phase was favored instead of chromium oxides due to the incorporation of Cr in the WO3 lattice in interstitial position. The sensing tests towards ammonia gas, in concentrations ranging …
Publication date: 
30 Jun 2010

Mauro Epifani, Teresa Andreu, Carlos R Magaña, Raül Díaz, Jordi Arbiol, Pietro Siciliano, Joan R Morante

Biblio References: 
Volume: 148 Issue: 1 Pages: 200-206
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical