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Type: 
Journal
Description: 
Laser Thermal Annealing (LTA) at various energy densities was used to recrystallize and activate amorphized germanium doped with phosphorous by ion implantation. The structural modifications induced during the recrystallization and the related dopant diffusion were first investigated. After LTA at low energy densities, the P electrical activation was poor while the dopant distribution was mainly localized in the polycrystalline Ge resulting from the anneal. Conversely, full dopant activation (up to 1 × 1020 cm−3) in a perfectly recrystallized material was observed after annealing at higher energy densities. Measurements of lattice parameters performed on the fully activated structures show that P doping results in a lattice expansion, with a perpendicular lattice strain per atom βPs = +0.7 ± 0.1 Å3. This clearly indicates that, despite the small atomic radius of P compared to Ge, the “electronic contribution” to the lattice …
Publisher: 
AIP Publishing
Publication date: 
1 May 2018
Authors: 

Simona Boninelli, R Milazzo, Robert Carles, Florent Houdellier, Ray Duffy, Karim Huet, Antonio La Magna, E Napolitani, Fuccio Cristiano

Biblio References: 
Volume: 6 Issue: 5 Pages: 058504
Origin: 
APL Materials