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The structural transformations occurring in Ge {sub 2} Sb {sub 2} Te {sub 5} films heated at temperature up to 400 C, and under hydrostatic pressure up to 12 GPa, have been investigated through in-situ X ray diffraction measurements. The adopted experimental conditions are close to those experienced by the phase change material during the SET (crystallization)/RESET (amorphization) processes in a nonvolatile memory device. The compression enhances the thermal stability of the amorphous phase, which remains stable up to 180 C at 8 GPa and to 230 C at 12 GPa. The structure of the crystalline phases is also modified, with the formation of a CsCl-type structure instead of rock-salt and of a GeS-type structure at the temperature at which usually the trigonal stable phase is formed. Overall, the stability of the stable phase appears to be more affected by the compression. We argue that the presence of weak bonds associated to the van der Waals gaps is a determining factor for the observed reduced stability.
Publication date: 
14 Aug 2015

AM Mio, S Privitera, G D'Arrigo, E Rimini, M Ceppatelli

Biblio References: 
Volume: 118 Issue: 6
Journal of Applied Physics