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In this work, bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3) single crystals were grown from melted polycrystalline Bi–Te material using the Bridgman–Stockbarger method. Crystalline quality and surface chemistry were investigated through X‐ray diffraction analysis and X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The mechanical properties were investigated by means of depth‐sensing nanoindentation tests carried out using the continuous stiffness measurement (CSM) technique. In turn, the distribution of material hardness and Young's modulus in the depth direction (i.e., perpendicular to the single crystal basal plane) were resolved and quantitative comparisons with the available data extracted from previous literature works were drawn. It is shown that the obtained single crystals are free of contaminants and/or oxide phases and that the mechanical properties lie between those reported in recent literature for Bi2Te3 polycrystalline thin films …
Publication date: 
1 Jun 2016

Caterina Lamuta, Anna Cupolillo, Antonio Politano, Ziya S Aliev, Mahammad B Babanly, Evgueni V Chulkov, Marco Alfano, Leonardo Pagnotta

Biblio References: 
Volume: 253 Issue: 6 Pages: 1082-1086
physica status solidi (b)