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The discovery of graphene triggered a rapid rise of unexplored two-dimensional materials and heterostructures having optoelectronic and photonics properties that can be tailored on the nanoscale. Among these materials, black phosphorus (BP) has attracted a remarkable interest, thanks to many favorable properties, such as the high carrier mobility, the in-plane anisotropy, the possibility to alter its transport via electrical gating, and the direct band-gap, which can be tuned by thickness from 0.3 eV (bulk crystalline) to 1.7 eV (single atomic layer). When integrated in a microscopic field effect transistor, a few-layer BP flake can detect Terahertz (THz) frequency radiation. Remarkably, the in-plane crystalline anisotropy can be exploited to tailor the mechanisms that dominate the photoresponse; a BP-based field effect transistor can be engineered to act as a plasma-wave rectifier, a thermoelectric sensor, or a thermal …
AIP Publishing LLC
Publication date: 
1 Mar 2017

Leonardo Viti, Antonio Politano, Miriam Serena Vitiello

Biblio References: 
Volume: 5 Issue: 3 Pages: 035602
APL Materials