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Despite their huge application capabilities, millimeter‐ and terahertz‐wave photodetectors still face challenges in the detection scheme. Topological insulators (TIs) are predicted to be promising candidates for long‐wavelength photodetection, due to the presence of Dirac fermions in their topologically protected surface states. However, photodetection based on TIs is usually hindered by the large dark current, originating from the mixing of bulk states with topological surface states (TSSs) in most realistic samples of TIs. Here millimeter and terahertz detectors based on a subwavelength metal–TI–metal (MTM) heterostructure are demonstrated. The achieved photoresponse stems from the asymmetric scattering of TSS, driven by the localized surface plasmon‐induced terahertz field, which ultimately produces direct photocarriers beyond the interband limit. The device enables high responsivity in both the self …
Publication date: 
1 Aug 2018

Weiwei Tang, Antonio Politano, Cheng Guo, Wanlong Guo, Changlong Liu, Lin Wang, Xiaoshuang Chen, Wei Lu

Biblio References: 
Volume: 28 Issue: 31 Pages: 1801786
Advanced Functional Materials