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Vanadium-doped TiO2 nanoparticles (V-TiO2 NPs) with a V/Ti ratio of 3.0 at. % were prepared by gas-phase condensation and subsequent oxidation at elevated temperature. Both photocatalytic activity for -NO2 reduction and photoelectrochemical water splitting were induced by V-doping in the visible spectral range λ> 450 nm, where undoped TiO2 NPs are completely inactive. The photocatalytic properties were correlated with the ultrafast dynamics of the photoexcited charge carriers studied by femtosecond transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy with three different excitation wavelengths, i.e. λe = 330, 400, and 530 nm. Only in V-doped NPs, the photoexcitation of electrons into the conduction band by sub-bandgap irradiation (λe = 530 nm) was detected by TA spectroscopy. This observation was associated with electronic transitions from an intra-gap level localized on V4+ cations. The photoexcited …
Publication date: 
5 Dec 2018

Giacomo Rossi, Luca Pasquini, Daniele Catone, Alberto Piccioni, Nicola Patelli, Alessandra Paladini, Alessandra Molinari, Stefano Caramori, Patrick O’Keeffe, Federico Boscherini

Biblio References: 
Volume: 237 Pages: 603-612
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental