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Ag and Au nanostructures became increasingly interesting due to their localized surface plasmon resonance properties. These properties can be successfully exploited in order to enhance the light trapping in solar cell devices by appropriate light scattering phenomena. In solar cell applications, the Ag or Au nanoparticles are, usually, supported on or embedded in a thin transparent conductive oxide layer, mainly AZO and ITO for inorganic solar cells and PEDOT:PSS for organic solar cells. However, the light scattering properties strongly depend on the shape and size of the metal nanostructures and on the optical properties of the surrounding environment. Therefore, the systems need to be well designed to maximize scattering and minimize the light absorption within the metal nanoparticles. In this regard, this work reports, in particular, results concerning calculations, by using the Mie theory, of the angle-dependent light scattering intensity (I(θ)) for spherical Ag and Au nanoparticles coated by a shell of AZO or ITO or PEDOT:PSS. I(θ) and scattering efficiency Qscatt for the spherical core–shell nanoparticles are calculated by changing the radius R of the spherical core (Ag or Au) and the thickness d of the shell (AZO, ITO, or PEDOT:PSS). For each combination of core–shell system, the evolution of I(θ) and Qscatt with the core and shell sizes is drawn and comparisons between the various types of systems is drawn at parity of core and shell sizes. For simplicity, the analysis is limited to spherical core–shell nanoparticles so as to use the Mie theory and to perform analytically exact calculations. However, the results of the present work, even if …
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Publication date: 
1 Sep 2021

Francesco Ruffino

Biblio References: 
Volume: 12 Issue: 9 Pages: 1050