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Surface plasmons (SP) arising from nanometer silicon objects allow control and manipulation of light at the nanoscale exhibiting significant advantages in a plethora of applied research areas such as nanophotonic, environment, energy, biology, and medicine. These SP can achieve more significant potential, thanks to the industrial scalability and low cost offered by silicon compared with other metals and semiconductor nanosized materials. However, as they have not yet been fully understood and exploited, silicon’s plasmon mechanisms need to be thoroughly studied. In particular, the influence of nanowire shape on surface plasmon behavior and the existence of physical constraints for surface plasmon excitation remains to be fully understood. In a previous study, we have demonstrated that thanks to their anisotropic onedimensional shape, silicon nanowires sustain two types of plasmon resonances, the longitudinal ones along the main nanowire axis, with harmonic behavior and the transversal resonance, which takes place along the diameter. We demonstrated our data on a particular set of sizes, 30 nm for the diameter and about 400 nm for the length. Here we show how the resonances change when the diameter is smaller than 30 nm and the length is smaller than 400 nm. We use electron energy loss spectroscopy to map the several plasmonic modes from the fundamental one to the higher orders, with the goal of understanding how the SP resonances change when the diameter and length are smaller than 30 nm and 400 nm, respectively. We then use modeling to support the experimental findings. According to the mode order, the study …
Optica Publishing Group
Publication date: 
1 Mar 2023

Giovanni Borgh, Corrado Bongiorno, Antonino La Magna, Giovanni Mannino, Alireza Shabani, Salvatore Patanè, Jost Adam, Rosaria A Puglisi

Biblio References: 
Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 598-609
Optical Materials Express