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SnO2 nanocrystals were prepared by injecting a hydrolyzed methanol solution of SnCl4 into a tetradecene solution of dodecylamine. The resulting materials were annealed at 500 °C, providing 6−8 nm nanocrystals. The latter were used for fabricating NO2 gas sensing devices, which displayed remarkable electrical responses to as low as 100 ppb NO2 concentration. The nanocrystals were characterized by conductometric measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopy. The results, interpreted by means of molecular modeling in the frame of the density functional theory (DFT), indicated that the nanocrystals contain topographically well-defined surface oxygen vacancies. The chemisorption properties of these vacancies, studied by DFT modeling of the NO2/SnO2 interaction, suggested that the in-plane vacancies …
American Chemical Society
Publication date: 
11 Dec 2008

Mauro Epifani, Joan Daniel Prades, Elisabetta Comini, Eva Pellicer, Manuel Avella, Pietro Siciliano, Guido Faglia, Albert Cirera, Roberto Scotti, Franca Morazzoni, Joan Ramon Morante

Biblio References: 
Volume: 112 Issue: 49 Pages: 19540-19546
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C