We design and assess a one-dimensional photonic crystal slab fabricated by preferential etching of a silicon-on-insulator substrate. The etched grooves are considered to be infiltrated by a highly-birefringent nematic liquid crystalline material. A detailed analysis of the nematic director response within the grooves is presented. We investigate different configurations and demonstrate large band gap shifting when switching the liquid crystal with an applied voltage. Furthermore, we assess this type of device as an efficient alternative for compact refractometric optical sensing applications.
Optical Society of America
19 Feb 2007
Volume: 15 Issue: 4 Pages: 1832-1844