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Metal-assisted chemical etching (MACE) has gained great interest for the preparation of vertically aligned silicon nanowires (SiNWs); however, the process mechanism has not yet been identified. In this study, the influence of doping elements on the formation rate of SiNWs prepared by silver-assisted chemical etching was investigated. Two n-type silicon substrates, bulk silicon and silicon-on-insulator (SOI) samples, containing different dopant concentrations (from 1011 to 1019 atoms cm− 3) and species (phosphorous and arsenic), were considered. The SiNW formation rates increase with dopant concentration and are influenced by the dopant species. The use of SOI samples allowed highlighting the remarkable loss of the starting device layer in conventional process conditions, never previously observed; such occurrence limits the most achievable SiNW length. The study of the gas evolution both from bulk and …
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2015

C. Canevali, M. Alia, M. Fanciulli, M. Longo, R. Ruffo, C. Mari

Biblio References: 
Volume: 280 Pages: 37–42
Surface & Coatings Technology