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The paper presents an active vision system for the automatic detection of falls and the recognition of several postures for elderly homecare applications. A wall-mounted Time-Of-Flight camera provides accurate measurements of the acquired scene in all illumination conditions, allowing the reliable detection of critical events. Preliminarily, an off-line calibration procedure estimates the external camera parameters automatically without landmarks, calibration patterns or user intervention. The calibration procedure searches for different planes in the scene selecting the one that accomplishes the floor plane constraints. Subsequently, the moving regions are detected in real-time by applying a Bayesian segmentation to the whole 3D points cloud. The distance of the 3D human centroid from the floor plane is evaluated by using the previously defined calibration parameters and the corresponding trend is used as feature …
Publication date: 
8 Mar 2010
Biblio References: 
Pages: 1536-1541
2010 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE 2010)