We compare the performance of different exchange-correlation functionals, based on the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) generalized gradient approximation, for the structural and electronic properties of gold nanostructures. In particular we consider PBEsol (constructed to correctly describe solid-state systems) and PBEint [Phys. Rev. B 82, 113104 (2010)10.1103/PhysRevB.82.113104] which was recently introduced for hybrid interfaces and preserves the correct second-order gradient expansion of exchange energy (as in PBEsol) providing as well a significant nonlocality for higher density variation (as in PBE). We find that the PBEint functional gives a well balanced description of atomization energies, structural properties, energy differences between isomers, and bulk properties. Results indicate that PBEint is expected to be the most accurate functional for medium and large size gold clusters of different shapes.
21 May 2011
Volume: 134 Issue: 19 Pages: 194112
The Journal of chemical physics