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We report the structural and morphological properties of well-aligned ZnO nanowires grown at 750 °C on Au-deposited and annealed (100)Si substrates using carbo-thermal evaporation. As-grown nanowires are made of wurtzite ZnO, have cylindrical shape and carry droplet-like nanoparticles (NPs) at their tips, as expected for vapour–liquid–solid (VLS) growth. Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction measurements demonstrate that the NPs are made of pure fcc Au. No secondary Au/Zn alloy phases were detected. Bragg diffraction patterns confirmed that the nanowires were grown with their crystal c-axes parallel to the [100] direction of Si (i.e. normal to the substrate surface), while Au NPs are mostly (111)-oriented. The diameter distribution of ZnO nanowires mimics that of the Au NPs at their tips. A quantitative study of the nanostructure size distribution after sequential annealing and growth steps evidences …
Publication date: 
1 Jul 2007

P Prete, N Lovergine, L Tapfer

Biblio References: 
Volume: 88 Issue: 1 Pages: 21-26
Applied Physics A