We report the fabrication of libraries of nanostructured TiO2 films with a gradient in nanoparticle crystalline phase and dimensions. By supersonic cluster beam deposition it is possible to produce rutile nanoparticles with a diameter smaller than 10nm and to spread them into a co-deposited amorphous titania matrix. Upon thermal annealing rutile nanocrystals act as growth seeds of a film with a spatially controlled rutile/anatase ratio. Films with controlled crystalline phase variation have been deposited on micropatterned substrate to produce arrays of chemoresistive sensors of volatile organic compounds. Devices with different nanocrystalline structures and performances are obtained by a simple one-step thermal treatment after deposition.
American Institute of Physics
5 Sep 2005
Volume: 87 Issue: 10 Pages: 103108
Applied Physics Letters