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Germanium quantum dots (QDs) embedded in SiO2 or in Si3N4 have been studied for light harvesting purposes. SiGeO or SiGeN thin films, produced by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition, have been annealed up to 850 °C to induce Ge QD precipitation in Si based matrices. By varying the Ge content, the QD diameter can be tuned in the 3–9 nm range in the SiO2 matrix, or in the 1–2 nm range in the Si3N4 matrix, as measured by transmission electron microscopy. Thus, Si3N4 matrix hosts Ge QDs at higher density and more closely spaced than SiO2 matrix. Raman spectroscopy revealed a higher threshold for amorphous-to-crystalline transition for Ge QDs embedded in Si3N4 matrix in comparison with those in the SiO2 host. Light absorption by Ge QDs is shown to be more effective in Si3N4 matrix, due to the optical bandgap (0.9–1.6 eV) being lower than in SiO2 matrix (1.2–2.2 eV). Significant …
American Institute of Physics
Publication date: 
28 Jan 2014

Salvatore Cosentino, Emel Sungur Ozen, Rosario Raciti, Antonio M Mio, Giuseppe Nicotra, Francesca Simone, Isodiana Crupi, Rasit Turan, Antonio Terrasi, Atilla Aydinli, Salvo Mirabella

Biblio References: 
Volume: 115 Issue: 4 Pages: 043103
Journal of Applied Physics