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Silicon Nanowires (Si-NWs) are obtained by vapor-liquid-solid growth using an inductively coupled chemical vapor deposition system which works at temperatures lower than 400 C. Gold nanodots are used as metal catalyst. The selective growth of Si-NWs on the gold nanodots is obtained by controlling the contribution coming from the uncatalyzed growth on the bare Si substrate. In this way the final NW length can be controlled, and it is not influenced by the thickness of the uncatalyzed layer. The important parameter ruling the NW growth is found to be the plasma power which governs the dissociation of the Si precursor gas. Final NW lengths of 1 μm are obtained at temperatures of 380 C with a thickness of uncatalyzed layer equal to zero. Also the NW density is addressed in this work and it is optimised by increasing the gold equivalent thickness. The NW density is increased from 2.9× 108 to 1.3× 1010 cm-2, when the gold equivalent thickness passes from 1.8 nm to 2.2 nm.
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2012
Biblio References: 
Volume: 1408 Pages: 139
Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc