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Ashes emitted during volcanic explosive activity present peculiar surface chemical and mineralogical features related in literature to the interaction in the plume of solid particles with gases and aerosols. The compositional differences of magmas and gases, the magnitude, intensity and duration of the emission and the physical condition during the eruption, strongly influence the results of the modification processes. Here we report the characterization of the products emitted during the 2013 paroxysmal activity of Mt. Etna. The surface features of the ash particles were investigated through X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) allowing the analysis at nanometer scale. TEM images showed on the surface the presence of composite structures formed by Ca, Mg and Na sulphates and halides and of droplets and crystals of chlorides; nanometric magnesioferrite and …
Publication date: 
1 Feb 2016

G Barone, Paolo Mazzoleni, Rosa Anna Corsaro, Pilario Costagliola, Francesco Di Benedetto, E Ciliberto, D Gimeno, C Bongiorno, Corrado Spinella

Biblio References: 
Volume: 174 Pages: 70-84
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta