-A A +A
We investigate numerically at various fillings the ground state of the one-dimensional Hubbard model with correlated hopping x (Hirsch model). It is found that, for a large range of filling values n around half filling, and for repulsive Coulomb interaction u≤ u c (x, n), phase separation at a nanoscale (NPS phase) between two conducting phases at different densities occurs when x≳ 2/3. The NPS phase is accompanied by the opening of a spin gap and the system behaves as a Luther-Emery liquid with dominant superconducting correlations. Close to half filling, an anomalous peak emerges in the charge structure factor related to the density of doubly occupied sites, which determines the size of the droplets in the NPS phase. For 1/2≲ x≲ 2/3 a crossover to a homogeneous phase, still superconducting, takes place.
American Physical Society
Publication date: 
9 Jun 2009

Alberto Anfossi, Cristian Degli Esposti Boschi, Arianna Montorsi

Biblio References: 
Volume: 79 Issue: 23 Pages: 235117
Physical Review B