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Quantum confinement effects in silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are expected when their diameter is less than the size of the free exciton (with a Bohr radius ∼5 nm) in bulk silicon. However, their synthesis represents a considerable technological challenge. The vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) mechanism, mediated by metallic nanoclusters brought to the eutectic liquid state, is most widely used for its simplicity and control on the SiNWs size, shape, orientation, density, and surface smoothness. VLS growth is often performed within high-vacuum physical vapor deposition systems, where the eutectic composition and the pressure conditions define the minimum diameter of the final nanowire usually around 100 nm. In this article, we present and discuss the SiNWs’ growth by the VLS method in a plasma-based chemical vapor deposition system, working in the mTorr pressure range. The purpose is to demonstrate that it is …
American Chemical Society
Publication date: 
25 Oct 2019

Rosaria A Puglisi, Corrado Bongiorno, Sebastiano Caccamo, Enza Fazio, Giovanni Mannino, Fortunato Neri, Silvia Scalese, Daniele Spucches, Antonino La Magna

Biblio References: 
Volume: 4 Issue: 19 Pages: 17967-17971
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