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NiO-based NO2 sensors operating at room temperature are attracting great attentions due to their promising energy and cost saving performances. However, only a few reports showed high sensitivity and selectivity in the sub-ppm concentration range and low limit of detection (LoD). In this work, we designed and fabricated by a low-cost chemical bath deposition (CBD) and thermal annealing a nanostructured and porous NiO thin film (nanoporous NiO film) composed of NiO nanoparticles (30−50 nm). The nanoporous NiO film was then applied as sensing element for the NO2 detection at room temperature, demonstrating a high response to sub-ppm level NO2 (140 ppb), excellent selectivity and stability, and a very low LoD of 20 ppb. The NO2 sensing mechanism was investigated and satisfactorily modelled by two energetically different and independent adsorption sites at room temperature. Both sites contribute to …
Publication date: 
15 Feb 2020

Mario Urso, Salvatore Gianluca Leonardi, Giovanni Neri, Salvatore Petralia, Sabrina Conoci, Francesco Priolo, Salvo Mirabella

Biblio References: 
Volume: 305 Pages: 127481
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical