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The thermo-catalytic synthesis of hydrocarbons from CO 2 and H 2 is of great interest for the conversion of CO 2 into valuable chemicals and fuels. In this work, we aim to contribute to the fundamental understanding of the effect of alloying on the reaction yield and selectivity to a specific product. For this purpose, Fe-Co alloy nanoparticles (nanoalloys) with 30, 50 and 76 wt% Co content are synthesized via the Inert Gas Condensation method. The nanoalloys show a uniform composition and a size distribution between 10 and 25 nm, determined by means of X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy. The catalytic activity for CO 2 hydrogenation is investigated in a plug flow reactor coupled with a mass spectrometer, carrying out the reaction as a function of temperature (393–823 K) at ambient pressure. The Fe-Co nanoalloys prove to be more active and more selective to CO than elemental Fe and Co nanoparticles prepared by the same method. Furthermore, the Fe-Co nanoalloys catalyze the formation of C 2-C 5 hydrocarbon products, while Co and Fe nanoparticles yield only CH 4 and CO, respectively. We explain this synergistic effect by the simultaneous variation in CO 2 binding energy and decomposition barrier as the Fe/Co ratio in the nanoalloy changes. With increasing Fe content, increased activation temperatures for the formation of CH 4 (from 440 K to 560 K) and C 2-C 5 hydrocarbons (from 460 K to 560 K) are observed. View Full-Text
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Publication date: 
1 Jul 2020

Marco Calizzi, Robin Mutschler, Nicola Patelli, Andrea Migliori, Kun Zhao, Luca Pasquini, Andreas Züttel

Biblio References: 
Volume: 10 Issue: 7 Pages: 1360