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A planar antenna radiating twisted beams with different azimuthal order and a consistent beam angle is designed by employing a single uniform circular array embedded in a Fabry–Perot cavity. Circular phased arrays placed in free space are commonly employed to radiate conical beams carrying orbital angular momentum. However, the beam angle depends on both the array radius and the azimuthal order of the beam, thus requiring the use of multiple concentric circular arrays in order to produce beams with different azimuthal order and a common beam angle. In the proposed design, this is simply achieved by exciting higher-order cylindrical leaky waves through a single circular array feeding a Fabry-Perot cavity. Such waves radiate conical patterns whose beam angle is mainly determined by the relevant radial wavenumber and only weakly depends on the azimuthal order. In particular, we propose here an …
Publication date: 
3 Sep 2020

Paolo Burghignoli, Walter Fuscaldo, Francesco Mancini, Davide Comite, Paolo Baccarelli, Alessandro Galli

Biblio References: 
IEEE Access