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A main advantage of graphene oxide (GO) over other materials is the high tunability of its surface functional groups and of its electric conductivity. However, the complex chemical composition of GO renders difficult to unravel the correlation between structural and electric properties. Here, we use a combination of electron spectroscopy and electrochemistry to correlate the surface chemistry of GO to its electrical conductivity and electrocatalytic properties with respect to two molecules of high biological interest: β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and vitamin C. We demonstrate that the electrocatalytic properties of the material are due to hydroxyl, carbonyl and carboxyl groups residues that, even if already present on pristine GO, become electroactive only upon GO reduction.The results of this study demonstrate the advantages in the use of GO in amperometric biosensing and in enzymatic biofuel cells: it …
Publication date: 
1 Aug 2017

Giulio Maccaferri, Chiara Zanardi, Zhen Yuan Xia, Alessandro Kovtun, Andrea Liscio, Fabio Terzi, Vincenzo Palermo, Renato Seeber

Biblio References: 
Volume: 120 Pages: 165-175