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The skeleton of scleractinian corals is commonly believed to be composed entirely of aragonite due to the current Mg/Ca molar ratio of seawater, which thermodynamically favours the deposition of this polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). However, some studies have shown that other forms of CaCO3 such as calcite can be present in significant amount (1–20%) inside tropical coral skeletons, significantly impacting paleo-reconstructions of SST or other environmental parameters based on geochemical proxies. This study aims at investigating for the first time, (1) the skeletal composition of two Mediterranean solitary corals, the azooxanthellate Leptopsammia pruvoti and the zooxanthellate Balanophyllia europaea, across their life cycle, (2) the distribution of the different CaCO3 forms inside skeletons, and (3) their implications in paleoclimatology. The origin of the different forms of CaCO3 observed inside …
Publication date: 
15 May 2012

Stefano Goffredo, Erik Caroselli, Francesco Mezzo, Leonardo Laiolo, Patrizia Vergni, Luca Pasquini, Oren Levy, Francesco Zaccanti, Aline Tribollet, Zvy Dubinsky, Giuseppe Falini

Biblio References: 
Volume: 85 Pages: 187-199
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta