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We present a theory of the cavity quantum electrodynamics of the graphene cyclotron resonance. By employing a canonical transformation, we derive an effective Hamiltonian for the system comprising two neighboring Landau levels dressed by the cavity electromagnetic field (integer quantum Hall polaritons). This generalized Dicke Hamiltonian, which contains terms that are quadratic in the electromagnetic field and respects gauge invariance, is then used to calculate thermodynamic properties of the quantum Hall polariton system. Finally, we demonstrate that the generalized Dicke description fails when the graphene sheet is heavily doped, ie, when the Landau level spectrum of two-dimensional massless Dirac fermions is approximately harmonic. In this case we “integrate out” the Landau levels in valence band and obtain an effective Hamiltonian for the entire stack of Landau levels in conduction band, as …
American Physical Society
Publication date: 
7 Apr 2014

FMD Pellegrino, Luca Chirolli, Rosario Fazio, Vittorio Giovannetti, Marco Polini

Biblio References: 
Volume: 89 Issue: 16 Pages: 165406
Physical Review B