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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been consistently associated to non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); conversely, few studies have evaluated a comprehensive serological panel of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in NHL etiology. We conducted a case-control study in Italy in 1999–2014, enrolling 571 incident, histologically confirmed NHLs and 1004 cancer-free matched controls. Study subjects provided serum for HCV and HBV testing and for HCV RNA. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by logistic regression, adjusting for potential confounders. Circulating HCV RNA was detected in 63 (11.1 %) NHL cases and 35 (3.5 %) controls (OR = 3.51, 95 % CI: 2.25–5.47). Chronic HBV infection (i.e., positive to HBV surface antigen - HBsAg+) was found in 3.7 % of cases and 1.7 % of controls (OR = 1.95, 95 % CI: 1.00–3.81); a significantly elevated OR was observed for B-cell NHL (2.11 …
BioMed Central
Publication date: 
1 Dec 2016

Martina Taborelli, Jerry Polesel, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra, Rosamaria Tedeschi, Monica Battiston, Michele Spina, Francesco Di Raimondo, Antonio Pinto, Anna Crispo, Maria Grimaldi, Silvia Franceschi, Luigino Dal Maso, Diego Serraino

Biblio References: 
Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Infectious agents and cancer