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Micro and nanoplastics are ubiquitous pollutants that can cause adverse health effects even in humans. Effects of virgin and oxidised (simulating the aging processes) polystyrene nano (nPS) and micro particles (mPS) with diameters of 0.1 and 1 µm were studied on human professional phagocytes (i.e., monocyte cells THP-1 and macrophage-like mTHP-1 cells). After characterization by ATR-FTIR, UV-Vis spectroscopy, SEM and dynamic light-scattering analyses, the particles were FITC functionalised to quantify cellular uptake. Changes in the cell compartments were studied by acrydine orange and the pro-oxidant, cytotoxic and genotoxic effects were assessed. Phagocytosis was dose- and time- dependent and at 24 h 52% of nPS and 58% of mPS were engulfed. Despite the high homeostasis of professional phagocytes, significant ROS increases and DNA damage were observed after exposure to oxidised …
Publication date: 
24 Feb 2023

Giuseppa Visalli, Antonio Laganà, Alessio Facciolà, Antonella Iaconis, Jessica Curcio, Santa Pollino, Consuelo Celesti, Silvia Scalese, Sebania Libertino, Daniela Iannazzo, Angela Di Pietro

Biblio References: 
Pages: 104086
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology