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Observation of faint sources is affected by a chronic lack of photons. This problem becomes critical when very short integration times are required (from micro to milliseconds). An example is observations of transient phenomena and when using adaptive optics to correct atmospheric turbulence in real time. To detect weak and fast transients CCDs are inadequate because of readout noise and read technique. SPAD detectors, which benefit from photon counting operating mode, can perform much better. SPAD detectors are very innovative and can offer opportunities in astrophysical observations. Electrooptical characterization of these devices is very important to prove their potential and to test the range of their applicability to astrophysical observational programs. Dark rate and quantum efficiency measurements of various SPADs in different operating conditions have been made by using a “reflection objective” that …
Springer, Dordrecht
Publication date: 
1 Jan 2006

Massimiliano Belluso, Giovanni Bonanno, Sergio Billotta, Antonio Calì, Salvo Scuderi, Massimo Cataldo Mazzillo, Piergiorgio G Fallica, Delfo Sanfilippo, Emilio Sciacca, Salvatore Lombardo

Biblio References: 
Pages: 461-468
Scientific detectors for astronomy 2005