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The route towards manipulation of the optoelectronic properties of matter beyond the current limits of electronics starts from a comprehensive study of the ultrafast dynamics triggered by interaction with light. Among them, a fundamental role is played by charge photoinjection, a complex process that stems from the interplay of many different physical phenomena, which cannot be easily disentangled. Single- and multi-photon absorption, diabatic tunnelling, intra-band motion, and field-driven band dressing, all concur in determining the overall excited electron population, dictating the electro-optical properties of a material. Here we investigate ultrafast photoinjection in a prototypical semiconductor (monocrystalline germanium) by using attosecond transient reflection spectroscopy. The precise pump-field characterization ensured by a simultaneous attosecond streaking experiment, in tandem with a comprehensive theoretical approach, allowed us to disentangle the different physical phenomena unfolding at different positions in the reciprocal space and at different timing within the envelope of the pump pulse. Moreover, we found that intra-band phenomena hinder charge injection, in contrast to what was previously observed for resonant, direct band-gap semiconductors. Therefore, besides other known parameters as the central wavelength and peak intensity, our results indicate that the pulse temporal envelope and the local band structure probed by intra-band effects are of key importance to achieve an optimal control over the ultrafast carrier injection process and tailor the complex optical and electronic properties of a semiconductor on the few- to …
Publication date: 
5 Dec 2022

Giacomo Inzani, Lyudmyla Adamska, Amir Eskandari-asl, Nicola Di Palo, Gian Luca Dolso, Bruno Moio, Luciano Jacopo D'Onofrio, Alessio Lamperti, Alessandro Molle, Rocío Borrego-Varillas, Mauro Nisoli, Stefano Pittalis, Carlo Andrea Rozzi, Adolfo Avella, Matteo Lucchini

Biblio References: 
arXiv preprint arXiv:2212.02157