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In this paper, we used micro-Raman spectroscopy in cross-section to investigate the effect of different doping on the distribution of stress in the silicon substrate and the grown 3C-SiC film. The 3C-SiC films with a thickness up to 10 μm were grown on Si (100) substrates in a horizontal hot-wall chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reactor. To quantify the influence of doping on the stress distribution, samples were non-intentionally doped (NID, dopant incorporation below 1016 cm−3), strongly n-type doped ([N] > 1019 cm−3), or strongly p-type doped ([Al] > 1019 cm−3). Sample NID was also grown on Si (111). In silicon (100), we observed that the stress at the interface is always compressive. In 3C-SiC, instead, we observed that the stress at the interface is always tensile and remains so in the first 4 µm. In the remaining 6 µm, the type of stress varies according to the doping. In particular, for 10 μm thick samples, the presence of an n-doped layer at the interface maximizes the stress in the silicon (~700 MPa) and in the 3C-SiC film (~250 MPa). In the presence of films grown on Si(111), 3C-SiC shows a compressive stress at the interface and then immediately becomes tensile following an oscillating trend with an average value of 412 MPa.
Publication date: 
18 May 2023

Viviana Scuderi, Marcin Zielinski, Francesco La Via

Biblio References: 
Volume: 16 Issue: 10 Pages: 3824