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This paper considers the effect of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the parameters of Gluconobacter oxydans microbial biosensors. MWCNTs were shown not to affect the structural integrity of microbial cells and their respiratory activity. The positive results from using MWCNTs were due to a decrease in the impedance of the electrode. The total impedance of the system decreased significantly, from 9000 kOhm (G. oxydans/chitosan composite) to 600 kOhm (G. oxydans/MWCNTs/chitosan). Modification of the amperometric biosensor with nanotubes led to an increase in the maximal signal from 65 to 869 nA for glucose and from 181 to 1048 nA for ethanol. The biosensor sensitivity also increased 4-and 5-fold, respectively, for each of the substrates. However, the addition of MWCNTs reduced the affinity of respiratory chain enzymes to their substrates (both sugars and alcohols). Moreover, the minimal detection limits were not reduced despite a sensitivity increase. The use of MWCNTs thus improved only some microbial biosensor parameters. View Full-Text
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Publication date: 
1 Dec 2019

Yulia Plekhanova, Sergei Tarasov, Aleksandr Bykov, Natalia Prisyazhnaya, Vladimir Kolesov, Vladimir Sigaev, Maria Assunta Signore, Anatoly Reshetilov

Biblio References: 
Volume: 9 Issue: 4 Pages: 137