We have successfully synthesized poly(lactide), poly(glycolide), and poly(lactide-co-glycolide) copolymers in bulk by ring-opening homo- and copolymerization of glycolide and l-lactide, using sodium hydride as the environmentally friendly and nontoxic initiator. Random copolymers were obtained, and the microstructure was characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (1H and 13C NMR) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI MS). The mechanism of reaction was elucidated by analysis of the polymer end groups. Homopolymer and copolymers films and their blends were obtained, and structure and physical properties analyzed. Thermal degradation analysis showed superior characteristics of copolymers with respect to the blends. Transport properties of water vapor were also evaluated and correlated to the copolymer composition.
1 Dec 2016
Volume: 109 Pages: 70-78
Reactive and Functional Polymers