Smart Breath Analyzers were developed as sensing terminals of a telemedicine architecture devoted to remote monitoring of patients suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and home-assisted by non-invasive mechanical ventilation via respiratory face mask. The devices based on different sensors (CO 2/O 2 and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), relative humidity and temperature (RH & T) sensors) monitor the breath air exhaled into the expiratory line of the bi-tube patient breathing circuit during a noninvasive ventilo-therapy session; the sensor raw signals are transmitted pseudonymized to National Health Service units by TCP/IP communication through a cloud remote platform. The work is a proof-of-concept of a sensors-based IoT system with the perspective to check continuously the effectiveness of therapy and/or any state of exacerbation of the disease requiring healthcare. Lab tests in controlled experimental conditions by a gas-mixing bench towards CO 2/O 2 concentrations and exhaled breath collected in a sampling bag were carried out to test the realized prototypes. The Smart Breath Analyzers were also tested in real conditions both on a healthy volunteer subject and a COPD suffering patient.
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
1 Jan 2020
Volume: 20 Issue: 3 Pages: 653